Was CT Russell (founder of Jehovah’s Witnesses) a Zionist?




Before Herzl, There Was Pastor Russell: A Neglected Chapter of Zionism

Years before Theodor Herzl proposed creating a Jewish state, Charles Taze Russell was traveling the world holding Jewish Mass Meetings, beginning in 1879, at which he urged Jews to find a national home in Eretz Israel

Russell was a Zionist, first publishing a public statement of support in 1879, sixteen years before Theodore Herzl’s book supporting a Jewish state in Palestine, and eighteen years before the first Zionist congress.

In 1889, Russell published his third work in the series Studies in the Scriptures, entitled Thy Kingdom Come. One of the chapters is entitled “The Restoration of Israel” and contains both scriptural prophecies and quotes from articles in the popular press about the nascent movement.

In that chapter Russell presents historic parallels which led him to expect that the time for Jews to begin returning to Palestine would be 1878… and heralding the decision by the British Government to support Jewish purchase of land in Palestine (under the terms of the Berlin Congress of Nations in that year) as a fulfillment of Bible prophecy. Petah Tikvah, the first modern Jewish settlement, was founded that year.

By the way, recent discoveries in Bible chronology have turned up a number of corroborating clarifications of Russell’s pioneering work.

Russell was not the first or the most famous pastor to support Zionism — Wesley had spoken of a restoration of the Jews in the late 1700s, and the Albury Prophetic Conference of 1829 had agreed upon the return of Jews to their homeland as a harbinger or even a trigger of their expected and desired return of Christ.

in my reading of the history, however, it seems clear to me that Russell stood out as unusual in one major respect — both then and now. Russell unambiguously proclaimed that Jews should not be proselytized to become Christians. To Russell and the movement of Christians he inaugurated, the Jews have their own destiny in the plans of God, apart from the invitation to become disciples of Jesus.

This reflects Russell’s view that Christianity in the current era is a high calling, offered by God to a limited number of people — not the only opportunity for life that the masses of mankind will have.

The main hope of life according to Russell will be the “highway of holiness” that Isaiah spoke of, which he claimed will be offered to all the people who have ever lived during Jesus’ thousand year reign as Messiah.

Russell expected the Jewish people to be among the first to get in step with the Messianic era, because that is what their customs and worship have taught them since the days of Moses:

“A prophet will the LORD thy God raise up unto thee, from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken…”

The “gospel” that has been forced upon Jews during the last two millennia by well-meaning but, I think, misinformed Christians has been an unfortunate assault upon the common sense and decency of Jewish people. It has threatened them with eternal torment, persecuted them with false reports of blood libels, forced them into ghettos and narrow settlements. 1492 was the year King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sent Columbus in search of new lands they coud exploit — and the year all Jews were expelled from Spain, under pain of death or forced conversion to “Christianity.”

Russell taught that such mistreatment of Jews by “Christians” was the true meaning of the parable of “the Rich man and Lazarus” which mainstream Christians use to support their bogus ideas of a burning hell. The conscious torment of each living generation of the Jewish nation — coupled with their ability to observe, across the gulf that separated them from the comforts of the Gentile Christians who now occupied “Abraham’s bosom” — was the hell on earth which Russell taught was an allegorical prophecy of the painful national torture that Jews were subjected to during their years of exile in mystic Babylon — Christendom.

To many Jews, Christianity has from the beginning been offensive to every fiber of their being. When Jesus felt his crowds of followers becoming too big, he intentionally offended them by saying they must eat his flesh and drink his blood.

He seemed to relish offending the Jewish religious leaders of his day by healing on the Sabbath. He told his disciples to grab a handful of wheat from the fields as they passed on the Sabbath — enflaming the religious zeal of the most Orthodox Jews.

Jesus also allowed outwardly disreputable people to be prominent in his entourage — former prostitutes, former lepers, women who had been banned for uncleanness. A tax collector was appointed to his inner circle.

Jesus strode into the temple courtyard and in a most offensive way, disrupted the busy work of religious enterprise — despising the pattern of merchandise religion that Christians later perfected.

So from the Jewish perspective Jesus was a false prophet who was exposed by the Romans as an imposter, and not the real messiah who they all knew was supposed to defeat empires and set up a kingdom that would restore the entire world.

In the Apostle’s day the followers of Jesus seemed to attack and violate the laws of Moses. Then as the church grew it set up a counterfeit priesthood and illegitimate, non-Jerusalem based worship, similar to the high places of Baal in their own history. As Christianity descended into darker and darker practices and beliefs, its increasingly violent and hateful style became more and more repugnant to Jews — who as a result of their exile were shifting in the opposite direction — becoming more empathetic and less idolatrous.

By the time Christianity reached its zenith of power and privilege, Christmas Eve to many Jews had become the night their houses were burned or their synagogues desecrated. Easter was, to the Jews, the obviously pagan fertility ritual that counterfeits their reverent Passover celebration of independence from Egyptian paganism and slavery. Their own eyes could not see Jesus as a messenger of peace and brotherhood, but as a disgusting religious icon, an idol or graven image they were commanded to resist.

Russell preached that the “blindness” of Jews toward Jesus was God’s doing, and that God still loves them “for their fathers’ sakes.” Russell taught his Christian audiences that God has great things in store for the Jewish people in the near future, and that the time had already come for Jewish people to return to their ancestral homeland.

Russell also preached that Armageddon or the “day of vengeance” would be much more than a battle in Israel. It would be nothing less than a full trial of Christendom for all its sins of the last 2000 years — including its mistreatment of the Jews.

Taking the words of Paul in Romans 11 to heart, Russell predicted that the Jews would soon be received back into full fellowship with God — observing and accepting a leader who reminded them of Moses. And he most emphatically taught that their return to favor was not predicated upon acceptance of any form of Christianity.

Russell taught that all the ancient Jewish leaders will return from the grave — King David, Samuel, Deborah, Gideon and the others will, he predicted, lead the Jews back into the fullest harmony with God imaginable. Only then would they begin then to see aspects of their law which Jesus had fulfilled, and which their past prejudices and the providence of God had kept them from seeing.

Because Russell was so honoring of Jewish history and destiny, the American Zionist committee invited him to address the Jewish people in 1910. They rented New York’s largest meeting hall of the time, the Hippodrome, and asked him to address a Jewish audience on the topic “Zionism in Prophecy.”

Russell arrived with a small chorus of singers and addressed a packed auditorium of over 4000 people. Several newspapers published the full text of his hour-long speech — which received a standing ovation.

By the way, you do a disservice to history by including a false statement within your question. CT Russell did not found the Jehovah’s Witnesses. Based upon my own conversations with people who were personally acquainted with Russell and lived through that era, the JWs were the result of a hostile takeover of the movement he started by Joseph Rutherford, the attorney who wrote Russell’s will and usurped control of the seven-person committee he left in charge of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society when he died in 1916.

Here are some of the now-deceased people who I spoke with at length when I was much younger, who had first-hand knowledge:

Daniel Morehouse and his wife Nodie (who worked at the Brooklyn headquarters from 1914 until after Russell’s death, and helped prepare and present Russell’s Photo-drama of Creation.

Rose Hirsch (who worked at the Brooklyn HQ, and whose husband was one of the seven trustees named in Russell’s will).

Peter Kolliman, who was an active participant and volunteer from 1912 till the 1940s, first with Russell’s Watch Tower publishing house and then with the Dawn Bible Students Association. This was probably the largest group to which Bible students flocked when the JWs emerged.

Percy Reid of St. Louis, who was an early leader of another publishing house that promoted Russell’s original concepts after the JW takeover. It was called the Pastoral Bible Institute and, beginning in 1918 immediately after Rutherford’s usurpation of power, it published a magazine that is still going strong today: The Herald of Christ’s Kingdom.

Irene Greene, who as a young Christian in Columbus Ohio was present at the rally in a baseball stadium in the early 1930s where the new name Jehovah’s Witnesses was first introduced. (I’m guessing this was a rollout that occurred in many places across the country that year). My memory of that conversation was that the announcement occurred in about 1932 or 1933. Even the name was a usurpation, claiming for an ambitious but temporary Christian organization an honored reference to the Jewish people who God himself had decreed.

Let me summarize: Russell was a more prolific writer and preacher, and just as famous in his day as the late Billy Graham. Russell was a Zionist who left the Jews alone to focus on their restoration efforts, and he encouraged them not to fraternize much with Christians.

The publishing house he owned was never envisioned by him as a divine mouthpiece, only a proponent of ideas which were spreading among independent congregations of Christians who he thought of as refugees from the many sects of what he called “Babylon” — Christendom. He believed that real and true Christian brethren continued to be involved with all the denominations, but he encouraged his followers to reach out to them and try to let them know that a much happier, more inclusive redemptive plan was destined to bring the human race to a new era — the will of God being done both on earth and in heaven.


“Go, then, to all peoples everywhere and make them my disciples”

Preaching to those who already believe

What was Christ’ final command?

Matthew 28: 19-20 King James Version

“Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen”.

Matthew 28: 19-20 Holman Christian Standard Bible

“Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

Matthew 28: 19-20 Good News Translation

“Go, then, to all people everywhere and make them my disciples: baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and teach them to obey everything I have commanded you. And I will be with you always, to the end of the age.”

Has this commandment been forgotten by many who claim to be His ministers? Have they begged off from true ministry?

Today there are many who profess to be disciples of Jesus Christ, and even to be his elect brothers, who have no share whatsoever in obeying this commandment.

You will find them speaking exclusively to fellow believers in special group discussions and forums on the internet. They chatter among themselves about all kinds to topics. But, if there is any preaching going on, isn’t that just as the expression goes “preaching to the choir”?

How can that satisfy the commission Jesus gave before He departed? The answer to that question is that it doesn’t.

Many have totally abandoned spreading the preaching and teaching of the good news of reconciliation with God through Christ in lieu of groups that are for the most part cliquish in their nature. The themes of their messages offer nothing to appeal to an unbeliever. They offer no message an unbeliever would grasp and understand

They seem quite content to chat among themselves until the End comes.

Jesus posed a question worth considering:

“The Lord answered, “Who, then, is the faithful and wise servant? He is the one that his master will put in charge, to run the household and give the other servants their share of the food at the proper time.” Luke 12:42 (GNT)

Obviously at the very least it would have to be an obedient servant do you not agree?

Could this servant be the type of person who gets a clear directive, but is arbitrary and will not obey?

What did Jesus say? Consider these verses from Matthew 25:

19 “After a long time the master of those servants came back and settled accounts with them. 20 The servant who had received five thousand coins came in and handed over the other five thousand. ‘You gave me five thousand coins, sir,’ he said. ‘Look! Here are another five thousand that I have earned.’ 21 ‘Well done, you good and faithful servant!’ said his master. ‘You have been faithful in managing small amounts, so I will put you in charge of large amounts. Come on in and share my happiness!’ 22 Then the servant who had been given two thousand coins came in and said, ‘You gave me two thousand coins, sir. Look! Here are another two thousand that I have earned.’ 23 ‘Well done, you good and faithful servant!’ said his master. ‘You have been faithful in managing small amounts, so I will put you in charge of large amounts. Come on in and share my happiness!’ 24 Then the servant who had received one thousand coins came in and said, ‘Sir, I know you are a hard man; you reap harvests where you did not plant, and you gather crops where you did not scatter seed. 25 I was afraid, so I went off and hid your money in the ground. Look! Here is what belongs to you.’ 26 ‘You bad and lazy servant!’ his master said. ‘You knew, did you, that I reap harvests where I did not plant, and gather crops where I did not scatter seed? 27 Well, then, you should have deposited my money in the bank, and I would have received it all back with interest when I returned. 28 Now, take the money away from him and give it to the one who has ten thousand coins. 29 For to every person who has something, even more will be given, and he will have more than enough; but the person who has nothing, even the little that he has will be taken away from him. 30 As for this useless servant—throw him outside in the darkness; there he will cry and gnash his teeth.’

Could this servant be the type of person who gets a clear directive, but is arbitrary and will not obey? According to the verses above, the answer is clearly ‘No’.

Paul posed a series of questions that those who have begged off from the true ministry in the name of Christ should consider:

“But how can they call on Him they have not believed in? And how can they believe without hearing about Him? And how can they hear without a preacher? 15 And how can they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: How beautiful are the feet of those who announce the gospel of good things!” Romans 10:14-15 (HCSB)

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What Are Angels? Why Were They Created?>>> Are They Nothing More Than Messengers?

God’s angel who was sent to protect Daniel

What Are Angels? Why Were They Created?

‘Malak’ is the original Semitic word translated in English as angel. Malak means “one who is sent”. In the translation over time to other languages, it became synonymous with a messenger….someone sent to deliver messages.

But the original word only infers ‘sent’ to perform ‘some’ task.

Is their service limited to delivering messages?

Rationally consider the following Scriptures:

Genesis 3

24 “So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.”

The first mention of angels in the Bible is not in the service of messengers but as guards.

Exodus 12: 29-30

29 “And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.”

30 “And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.”

This angel was not a messenger but was sent as a holy executioner.

Isaiah 37:36

36 “Then the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand (185,000): and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.”

The angel mentioned here delivered death that night and not one message.

Daniel 6:22

22 “My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions’ mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him innocency was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt.”

An angel was dispatch to protect faithful Daniel when he had been thrown into a den of lions. He didn’t come to talk to Daniel but to save him. He wasn’t sent to deliver a message.

The task the angels fulfill in service that are revealed in the Book of Revelation are added proof that angel fulfill a variety of service in God’s behalf. To over-emphasize that the word angel means ‘messenger’ is deliberately misleading a listener into believing that that is what an angel is and that is the only reason they exist.

The next time someone tells you angels are messengers educate them.

‘Angel’ means as the term ‘malak’ suggest; one who is or was sent to perform a task.

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The King Of The North>>>Whose Behavior Has Fit The Description?

The vast flow of US arms exports over 6 decades

The Ripple Effect

Prophecy’s effects can be compared to a stone dropped into the center of a pond. Visualize the concentric circles that form from the epicenter and spread out across the pond. Over time these rings cover the entire pond.
Each ring is an identical harmonic reproduction of the initial ring. So that no matter where you are positioned spatially in the pond, you see the same thing.

You can see prophecy’s fulfillment everywhere. But there is a critical ‘epicenter’ to it. These epicenters are circumstances involving ‘special’ judgements in addition to those common to all mankind.

Following are a few renderings of 2 Thessalonians 2:8 which reveals how the man of lawlessness is brought to an end.

2 Thessalonians 2:8

BBE And then will come the revelation of that evil one, whom the Lord Jesus will put to death with the breath of his mouth, and give to destruction by the revelation of his coming;

EasyEnglish Then people will see the man who completely refuses to obey God. But when the Lord Jesus will come, he will kill that man. Jesus will kill him with the words that Jesus speaks. Jesus will kill him with the very bright, powerful light that shines from Jesus himself.

“Then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will destroy with the breath of his mouth, rendering him powerless by the manifestation of his coming.” ISV

“Then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth, and destroy by the manifestation of his coming;” NHEB

The Easy English Bible gives the fullest interpretation as it points out how the Lord brings this “man of lawlessness” to his end. That is by revelation of the truth.

“Jesus will kill him with the words that Jesus speaks. Jesus will kill him with the very bright, powerful light that shines from Jesus himself.”

“Words” will kill the man of lawlessness. These are words that the Lord will provide.

We certainly shouldn’t have an expectation that we will hear His voice from Heaven speaking out audibly. Or at least not prior to His arrival at His second coming..

He speaks a present through his already written words and by his servants he has assigned to do so at this appointed time.

As now we live near the close of this period of time, and also we know that the “hour of test” must also occur before the end of this period, that the time has to be extremely short.

Before this, the man of lawlessness is to be killed.

Since Christ will judge angels and flesh, and both the living and all who have died, the application of Biblical prophecy has to be more far reaching than the activities of any singular person or group.

The Man Of Lawlessness Becomes Identifiable Over Time By Movement and Traits

Daniel’s prophecy concerning the end times reveals a wicked power who advances over the breadth of the Earth in a horn-like attack. (Daniel 8)

From the time of Alexander ‘the Great’, this ‘king’ , his clans, and his national groups have carried on a relentless assault the rest of humanity in a quest to rule as gods over the entire Earth and its inhabitants. Some today refer to this quest as “manifest destiny”….that they are destined by God to spread their ‘way of life’ which today includes democracy and capitalism across the Earth.

Daniel 8:1-12

8 “In the third year of King Belshazzar’s reign, I, Daniel, had a vision, after the one that had already appeared to me. 2 In my vision I saw myself in the citadel of Susa in the province of Elam; in the vision I was beside the Ulai Canal. 3 I looked up, and there before me was a ram with two horns, standing beside the canal, and the horns were long. One of the horns was longer than the other but grew up later. 4 I watched the ram as it charged toward the west and the north and the south. No animal could stand against it, and none could rescue from its power. It did as it pleased and became great.

5 As I was thinking about this, suddenly a goat with a prominent horn between its eyes came from the west, crossing the whole earth without touching the ground. 6 It came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and charged at it in great rage. 7 I saw it attack the ram furiously, striking the ram and shattering its two horns. The ram was powerless to stand against it; the goat knocked it to the ground and trampled on it, and none could rescue the ram from its power. 8 The goat became very great, but at the height of its power the large horn was broken off, and in its place four prominent horns grew up toward the four winds of heaven.

9 Out of one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land. 10 It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth and trampled on them. 11 It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord; it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down. 12 Because of rebellion, the Lord’s people[a] and the daily sacrifice were given over to it. It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground.”

However, the king of the north has never been able to take possession of it all. Alexander ‘the Great’ fell short in India. The British could not maintain their hold over the Far East in the post-colonial era, and Hitler fell short of complete domination of the world as well.

Now at the end, comes the final horned thrust to capture the jewel in the crown that has eluded them for centuries…the Far East.

Verse 44 of Daniel 11 reveals God’s plan will stop the assault of this lawless man.

Daniel 11

36 “And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvelous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that is determined shall be done.

37 Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.

38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

39 Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.

41 He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.

42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.

43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.

44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.

45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.”

Historical evidence has revealed beyond any doubt who this prophecy was pointing to. No other group comes close.

In the video below, watch the vast flow of US arms exports over 6 decades. It is a stunning time-lapse video demonstrates the massive flow of US weapons exports across the globe over the last 67 years, revealing some surprising recipients.

It also demonstrates clearly that the targeted area being encircled is the yet-to-be conquered Far East.

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Who are the “Chief Princes” Mentioned At Daniel 10:13?

7 angels who stood before God

Daniel 10:13

“But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.”

The ‘chief’ or ‘principal’ angels referred to in the Book of Daniel are the original angels who serve directly before the throne of God.

These are mentioned in the Book of Revelation in chapter 8:
2″ And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets.”

They include Gabriel and Michael who are both mentioned in the Bible.  There were a total of seven of these princely servant to begin with.  The Bible mentions two Books which are not contained within the Books we have available today. They both tell about these seven powerful angels by name and much more.

One is the Book of Jasher:

“And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.”  Joshua 10:13

The second is a Book of prophecy written by the man Enoch:

“And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,”  Jude 14

Available text from Enoch’s writings go into detail about the existence of these seven angels and what transpired as result of the fall.

Jude obviously had information we don’t have access to today. The Bible does not contain the following account that Jude writes about:

“Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.”

Another disciple observed : “Despite his great power, Michael is still in total submission to the Lord. His dependence on the Lord’s power is seen in Jude 1:9:

“But when the archangel Michael, contending with the devil, was disputing about the body of Moses, he did not presume to pronounce a blasphemous judgment, but said, ‘The Lord rebuke you.‘”

The righteous angels have a rank and are submissive to authority, and for this reason they are used as a picture of a wife’s submission to her husband.

The Bible tells us, “That is why a wife ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the angels” (1 Corinthians 11:10). If you take into consideration the strength of Michael, the submission to God is all the more beautiful.”

Notice that Michael isn’t ‘lord’, but answers to the Lord.

Beyond these facts, the only begotten son of God was not a member of that group of seven angels. Satan however was an angel of that order.

That there were a group of angels that included Gabriel, Michael, and others is common knowledge and has been throughout human history.

The only begotten son of God, Christ, has always been set apart from all other beings and things. He is unlike any other since no other can claim to have begotten by God. He has no peers or peer group.

Was it that all the angels in Heaven were aware of this special son? It appears not.

If so, consider the scene recorded in the Book of Revelation in chapter 5 verses 1 through 4:

And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.

“2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?

3 And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.

4 And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.”

John is not witnessing an earthly scene but one played out in Heaven right before the throne of God.

When this scene occurs all the angels are assembled before the throne of God in attendance.

When as verse two states the cry goes out to those in attendance, “Who is worthy to open the book and loose the seals thereof?”, there is silence for no one among them is worthy.

Ask: If all present during that vision scene were familiar with the chosen one (Christ), then why would there have been any uncertainty and silence from those in attendance when the strong angel ask his question? There could have only been one possible choice given all he had done. this is also true had they understood that the ‘chosen one’ would of course have to be the heir of the Kingdom. It was all to become his inheritance after all.

Christ does not approach the throne of God from the midst of the assembled group of angels, but is lead in and appears before the throne.

This is when the angelic body is introduced to the son of God and his identity becomes known to them.

Again, if Christ was well known, there would have been no question as to who was worthy. And if he was a member of an existing group, certainly they would have known he was the worthy one.

Jesus is the only begotten son of God.  Michael is as the Bible describes an archangel, one of the principal angels who served before God’s throne. These were the chief angels referred to in the Book of Daniel.

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The Sermon On The Mount–Matthew Chapters Five, Six, and Seven

The Sermon on the Mount is a type of moral compass pointing the direction that God wants us to go.

The ruling priest class of the Jewish people in Jesus’ day, the scribes and Pharisees, were very rigid and severe.

They were very magisterial and they carried themselves with an appearance of superiority. They went about the streets condemning all about them, finding fault..

They were proud and conceited men who were self-righteous. Jesus’ reference to ‘judging’ would have been well understood as a reproof of their behavior.

He condemned the hypocrisy of those who fixate on the faults of others, while having grievous outstanding sins of their own that they have not reconciled with God concerning.

He cautions us to use wisdom in how and where we use our resources. These include our spiritual efforts, our physical strength, and our material assets.

Lord taught that we must exercise due diligence in seeking guidance, covering, and blessings; we must be persistent and not give out.

He assures us that we can be fully confident that God has both the ability and desire to nurture us and to protect us. So that we can put such concerns aside and focus our attention on those things that will lead to salvation.

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Israel Has Once Again Rejected God And Sought Salvation By An “Arm Of Flesh” 

Once again as in past history, Israel has “gone down to Egypt” for aid rather than seeking aid from the God of their forefathers. They have turned their backs on God and seek to establish an earthly kingdom despite God. This is open opposition to the Kingdom of God and Christ’ authority as its ruler.

Ancient Israel called on the Egyptians even though they as a people had suffered nearly 400 years of forced slavery by the Egyptians. They returned and asked them for aid against a common enemy.

Today, the United States plays the role of ‘Egypt’ as the Jews seek its aid and the aid of other godless nations for the purpose of establishing an earthly kingdom contrary to the will of God. It is an antichrist ambition. While so-called “Christian-Zionist” claim this is in honor of Christ, there is no connection or even mention of Jesus Christ by the leaders of Israel. They have denied Christ to be the Messiah and prefer secular rule. Yet, “Christian-Zionist” support them anyway.

It will not succeed. Almighty God stands against it.

His warning to the Israelites recorded in the Bible in Isaiah Chapter 31 applies even more so today:

Isaiah 31:1-9

31 “Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the Lord!”

2 “Yet he also is wise, and will bring evil, and will not call back his words: but will arise against the house of the evildoers, and against the help of them that work iniquity.”

3 “Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the Lord shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.”

4 “For thus hath the Lord spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the Lord of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.”

5 “As birds flying, so will the Lord of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it.”

6 “Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.”

7 “For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin.”

8 “Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.”

9 “And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the Lord, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.”

Egypt was not able to circumvent the will of God and calling on the United States will not thwart God’s will or purpose today.

God has a Kingdom and it is a heavenly not an earthly kingdom with Jesus as Lord.

They should heed the words God spoke to the prophet Jeremiah:

Jeremiah 17:5

“Thus saith the Lord; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord.”

This ‘earthly’ kingdom opposes the ‘true’ Kingdom of God as is therefore anti-Christ in its nature.

What Did Jesus Say About ‘Hell’?

What Did Jesus Say About ‘Hell’?

What Did Jesus Say About ‘Hell’?

“Jehovah’s Witnesses” teach that ‘Hell’ and ‘the grave’ are synonymous terms, that they mean the same thing, and are therefore interchangeable terms.

I know this well because I was taught this, believed it, and preach it to the public as one of “Jehovah’s Witness” the majority of my life. I began preaching this from door to door at age eight in 1959. I did so in ignorance of the real truth and because I was putting trust in “earthling man” and another human being’s reasoning ability. Christ had to cleanse my mind.

Here is the standard remarks of a “Jehovah’s Witness” about ‘hell’:

Quote:”Hell is the Grave ( the condition in which life ceases Eccl. 9:10 until such Time as The Resurrection of The Just and Unjust begins Acts 24:15. In KJV Old Testament the Hebrew word “ Sheol “ translated 31 Times Hell, 31 Times Grave, 3 Times Pit.”

“Jehovah’s Witnesses” have a habit mix things that shouldn’t be because they are things that have nothing in common with one another.

When Scripture speaks of “Gehenna”, “Lake of fire”, “Hell”, it is not referring to the common grave or state of the dead who have died the death due to original sin. ‘Hell’ is not the wages of sin as it is in the Adamic death we as humans suffer. ‘Hell’ is the wages for being wicked.

Today when most people use the term ‘hell’ they are not talking about the condition in common grave.

The word ‘Hell’ as most people use it, is not referring to common grave nor the state of the human dead from inherited sin.

We can know this for a certainty. It is IMPOSSIBLE for that to be the case because Jesus himself stated ‘who’ hell was created for and it wasn’t for humans. He refers to this state of existence as “the eternal fire”:

“Then He will also say to those on the left, ‘Depart from Me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the Devil and his angels!”

Matthew 25:41 Holman Christian Standard Bible

Jesus said that this state of existence was created for “the devil and his angels” and not a human being. So it is clear that ‘hell’ is not mankind’s resting place after death.

Why do I know Hell exist? Because Jesus said it does. Do you believe what Jesus says or do you find it necessary to modify his words to fit what you prefer to believe?

Hell exist because Christ said it does.

“Jehovah’s Witnesses” do not believe that we are ‘spirit creatures’ poured into fleshly bodies.

They believe that God’s “spirit” that is in us is basically some ‘atmosphere of energy’ or ‘air’ breathed into us by God at birth and at that then we become a “living soul”. They believe and teach that God’s spirit in us is like start up power and not a living thing…’alive’.

They refer to it as “God’s active force”.

But their other teachings certainly infer that ‘something’ survives death that can be asleep and awaken. But they deny man is a ‘spirit’ in flesh. If we are nothing but flesh with an ‘air’ of energy blown into us, then what is it that is sleeping then in death?

How do they make sense then of these words also uttered by Jesus?

“Don’t fear those who kill the body but are not able to kill the soul; rather, fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.” Matthew 10:28

If nothing of us survives death of the body, how could his words above have any real meaning. What could possibly be a fate worse than death to an already unconscious spirit? Is the first resurrection’s purpose to wake the dead simple to inform them they won’t be being resurrected to life and to say to them “Now go back to sleep”? What purpose would that serve?

The Second Death is not Adamic death repeated.

That death is not the ceasing of our existence is clear in Jesus’ words that upon his arrival he summon all the dead from the tomb. Summon ‘what’ if nothing exist after we die?

John 5:28-29

“Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice and come forth—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.” New King James Version

“Jehovah’s Witness” beliefs about the ‘spirit’ aspect of human existence cuts off any further consideration that eternal torment in Hell is even possible.

The word ‘Hell’ as most people use it, is not referring to common grave nor the state of the human dead from inherited sin.

We know that for a certainty. It is impossible for that to be the case because Jesus himself stated ‘who’ hell was created for and it wasn’t for humans. He refers to this state of existence as “the eternal fire”:

“Jehovah’s Witnesses’ have no rational explanation of Jesus’ parable of Lazarus and the wicked rich man. What Jesus said is impossible within their belief. They avoid discussion of this passage of Scripture as a result. It just doesn’t fit in to what they want to believe.

Watchtower Society disciples do not prove themselves to be disciples of Christ. “You cannot serve two masters”.

Matthew 6:24

“No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other;” King James Version

I am reminded of the situation between the devil and the woman Eve in the Garden of Eden and the scene of original sin.

There the devil posed a question to Eve that opened the door to Eve’s thinking independent from the express words of God. After God had unambiguously stated the penalty for disobedience to His command, the devil questioned whether it was so. It was a question that should have never been considered.

The woman Eve was even able to recite the commandment back to Satan. But the he was able to sow doubt in her mind as to whether God would really carry out what He said He would or that God even meant what He said. He asked Eve, ”Is it really so…?”

Even though Christ said Hell is real and exist, even though he states that it was created for Satan and his demons, even though he said those there will be tormented forever, even though he offers a parable of a man in Heaven and a man in Hell having a meeting after they both have died, “Jehovah’s Witnesses” do just as the Tempter did to Eve by casting doubt and confusion on something clearly stated by Christ Jesus about Hell.

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Resurrection–The Only Hope Future A Future Life

The Only Hope For A Future Life

The Only Door Into The Kingdom

The Only Hope

Hebrews 9:27

“And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:”


Every human must die one time.

Resurrection is the only door into the kingdom. It is the only hope the Bible teaches. Death is inescapable.

We determine what is to follow by our deeds during our lives. Which ever outcome, we will face death.

Many have falsely associated, “coming out of the great tribulation”, or surviving the tribulation, with the salvation of their flesh.

However, “coming out of the great tribulation” is about the survival of the ‘spirit’.

Revelation 7:15 states that the ones these words refer to are in Heaven, “standing before the throne of God”.

“Then one of the elders asked me, “Who are these people robed in white, and where did they come from?”

I said to him, “Sir, you know.

Then he told me:

These are the ones coming out of the great tribulation.
They washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

“For this reason they are before the throne of God,
and they serve Him day and night in His sanctuary.

The One seated on the throne will shelter them:”

These who, “come out” have had to have died because flesh and blood cannot enter Heaven.

In addition to that, the pattern God established only allows for anointed priest to enter the Temple Sanctuary.

The Messiah came out of a ‘great tribulation’ through enduring death. He surrendered his flesh but saved his spirit. His spirit was raised from the dead and when he returned to Heaven, he entered a brand new body.

‘Coming out of the great tribulation’ is not about the preservation of one’s fleshly body any more than it was for the Messiah. Like him, survival of the coming great tribulation or “coming out of the great tribulation” is a matter of preservation of the ‘spirit’ or the ‘real’ you.

The ones pictured in the book of Revelation as being seen before the throne of God, have come out of the final great tribulation upon the Earth in the same manner as Christ. They have saved their ‘souls’ by keeping spiritually pure and completely obedient to God’s will. They have surrendered their old fleshly bodies for new bodies in Heaven.

Its clear their survival has nothing to do with not dying nor does it have to do with humans living through the tribulation, the End, and never dying. One must come to grips with their own mortality.

Again, the Bible teaches, “all men must die one time”.

Hebrews 9:27

“And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment.”


It is a false expectation that you will enter the Kingdom of God and never face dying.

Where are those in union with Christ who have already died? Are they in Heaven?

The Bible states that those living at the Lord’s coming, those to pass into Heavenly life at death in “the twinkling of an eye”, would not precede those who have already fallen asleep in death.

This has led many to assume that the opposite is true. That those who are already dead get raised first.

In this way they are saying a raising to life in Heaven has already occured or is happening now.


The apostle merely pointed out that Christ brother alive when he arrives benefit from not having to sleep the Adamic death. But, they will arrive in Heaven simultaneously with their already deceased brothers.

Christ does not receive his ‘bride’ in bits and pieces but as a father presents a bride…whole, prepared, and fully adorned as the Bible tells us.

Remember, that Jesus said when he arrives, “all those both the righteous and the unrighteous” who sleep in death will hear his voice and rise to Judgment.

These ‘righteous’ are those call from death to heavenly life. This is the “first” resurrection. The “first resurrection will not occur until Christ returns. Therefore those who already have died in union with Christ remain asleep in death.

The rest of those who die in Christ return in a ‘second’ resurrection.

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A Pattern of Heaven–Who Really Is The “Faithful and Wise” Steward?

What are things like is Heaven?

A Pattern Of Heaven

Hebrews 8:1-13 ISV

1 Now the main point in what we are saying is this: we do have this kind of high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven

2 and who serves in the sanctuary, the true tent set up by the Lord and not by any human.

3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices. Therefore, this high priest had to offer something, too.

4 Now if he were on earth, he would not even be a priest, because other men offer the gifts prescribed by the Law.

5 They serve in a sanctuary that is a copy, a shadow of the heavenly one. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tent: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.”

6 However, Jesus has now obtained a more superior ministry, since the covenant he mediates is founded on better promises.

7 If the first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no need to look for a second one,

8 but God found something wrong with his people when he said, “Look! The days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.

9 It will not be like the covenant that I made with their ancestors at the time when I took them by the hand and brought them out of the land of Egypt. Because they did not remain loyal to my covenant, I ignored them, declares the Lord.

10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after that time, declares the Lord: I will put my laws in their minds and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.

11 Never again will everyone teach his neighbor or his brother by saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ because all of them will know me, from the least important to the most important.

12 For I will be merciful regarding their wrong deeds, and I will never again remember their sins.”

13 In speaking of a “new” covenant, he has made the first one obsolete, and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.

It is good to carefully examine the patterns God gave us and particularly anyone who entertains the hope of serving above the firmament in Heaven as a priest, the pattern of the Temple/Tabernacle in particular.

We learn about the order, function, and manner of our role by studying this pattern. Hebrews chapter 8.

Moses served as a faithful steward in constructing the Tabernacle exacting according to God’s instruction and conducted Tabernacle functions ritually correct according to God’s instruction.

All Temple priest have the obligation to do so. They are highly conscious of the need of due diligence in handling their duties. To do all things “according to the pattern” God has given.

All these things being just a pattern or copy, point to something real and that reality exist in high Heaven above the firmament.

They point to the Firstborn, the only-begotten son of God, for whom all of this (creation) was created as a gift and as an inheritance.

Nevertheless, his Father required him to prove himself worthy. And he proved himself so as Hebrews 3:6 tells us he “obtained” this “special” ministry.

He was also as High Priest required to present a sacrifice. The High Priest in ancient Israel first presented a sacrifice in his own behalf and then for others. Our Lord presented one sacrifice at one time for all.

This Tabernacle and it’s sanctuary is formed of spirit creatures; Christ and the bride of the High Priest.

144,000 is a “great crowd” of people to have assembled at one time.

When John is shown a “great crowd” worshiping in the “sanctuary’, it could not have been a vision pertaining to human beings as this “great crowd” is seen “in the sanctuary” which is above the firmament in Heaven.

I have been to religious assemblies of over 70,000 attendees. I found crowds much smaller than 70,000 that I could not personally count. There were 70,288 in attendance at the Super Bowl football championship played in 2015. Imagine beholding that number of people together in one place at one time. Would you consider it to be a ‘great crowd’? Would you be able to count them?

144,000 is a number of individual persons that no one man could count alone. A city with a population of 144,000 would be considered a fairly large city. This “great crowd” is the assembly of Temple workers (the under priest class) standing in sanctuary praising God and Christ and rendering the sacred service exclusive to the priesthood.

That is why “they do not go out” (Revelation 3:12). They now reside in the sanctuary with Christ (the empty upper room until Jesus’ was resurrected to Heaven). Jesus said, “My Father has prepared a place for me and I must go a prepare a place for you”. The sanctuary (the Holy compartment) has become their permanent abode.

At both the Lord’s evening meal and at Pentecost, the Lord chose to use an empty (unoccupied) upper room. There is significance in why he did so.

Our testing is in preparation for a most honored role of service. God in His wisdom chose to have His sons that He also selectively chose be tested to prove their worthiness of such honor. His only-begotten Son led the Way.

Jesus In The Sanctuary-John’s Vision

In the Revelation to John, he is seeing Christ standing in the Holy compartment of the Temple of God in Heaven. Before Him at a distance are seven golden lamp stands which He says represent the complete congregation of those to whom He is addressing.

They are out before Him because they are human beings made of flesh and as of yet are not where He is, which is in Heaven in the Sanctuary.

However, He is seen in the Sanctuary holding seven stars.

Note that these stars are in His right hand. His right hand would have to be connected to His right arm. His right arm would then have to be connected to His body. And His body while He is addressing John is standing with His feet planted in the Temple Sanctuary while holding these stars.

These must be existing spirit creatures as they are already with Christ while He is addressing the complete congregation represented by the lamp stands before Him.

Jesus actually says they are ‘angels’

Revelation 1:20

20 Here is the secret meaning of the seven stars that you see in my right hand, and of the seven gold lamp stands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lamp stands are the seven churches.

Yet many do not believe Him. Some have the teaching that Jesus is calling human men ‘angels’. But nowhere in the Bible are men referred to as ‘angels’.

These angels minister where the lamp stands are. Therefore they as mortal beings are exposed to possible corruption or failure just as human beings are. They are not incorruptible. So He also warns them of the consequences of any deviation.

There have been Holy angels serving before God’s throne for eons of time. They have a share in priestly service (as the seven in the Revelation to John) and have not been forgotten or discarded. They now answer to Christ as their Master.

As you study the Temple references in Revelation realize that it’s pattern does not fit any of those of made by human hands in the past.

The pattern of the Temple in the Book of Revelation is according to the pattern shown to Ezekiel down to the thick walls between each compartment. These various functional compartment are within the Sanctuary. All Temple functions are carried out from within the Holy and not as before All Holy attendants and utensils are all assembled in the Sanctuary before the Most Holy. These ‘compartments’ are the residing place of the chosen children of God (the elect).

God’s family at that time will have brought under His roof and into His Tent literally. His son and bride together will exist there. Their going out will be as God ‘goes out’ and that is by His Spirit. They will have inherited the attributes of the Son and the Father.

This is the Great City, New Jerusalem, seen coming down out of Heaven. The City exist within the Temple Sanctuary from which blessings will flow throughout all Creation.

Matthew 24:45 “Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season?”

“Who Really Is the Faithful and Wise Servant?” Matthew 24:45


What is required?

Whom has measured up so far?

This servant or ‘steward’ can only be approved (confirmed) after being both trained in priestly service and then thoroughly tested. Jesus has said approval will occur when he returns.

While it is possible to be born in a priestly lineage, one cannot be born a ‘priest’ of God.

To become a priest, a man would have been subjected to thorough instruction and rigorous training by the High Priest.

He must learn and understand the purpose and function of the priesthood, the duties of a priest, and how to carry them out precisely according to directives given by the High Priest.

All Temple priest underwent such training when God established the priesthood in ancient Israel. That Temple arrangement is but a pattern of the one in Heaven. Hebrews 8:25

That all cannot happen in a short period of time. It takes many years of growth and development; development especially of character. It takes many years for a human to become disciplined to strictly adhere to what is required and not be self-willed or arbitrary.

During their training, there is ongoing testing to identify strengths as well as areas in which that priest in training needs to exert more effort.

God does not test with evil. But He did permit Jesus to be exposed to the devil’s test. So too for those who follow.

That is how they are proven “faithful and true” as Jesus was declared at the end of his earthly life.

Since a priest can be called on at any time to perform any of the services in the house, he must be acquainted with all the duties and all of their requirements.

As you consider the question Jesus’ question quoted at Matthew 24, imagine working in a large mansion with many floors, each floor with many rooms.

Ask yourself, to the master of this house who among his servants would be of greatest value in service to him?

It would be the servant who has become the most familiar with the house. The one who knew what should be and what should not be present in the house, exactly where is was located, the various task, and how the various systems function. The most valued house servant is the one most versatile and useful to his master.

Clearly the servant who began his service at the lowest level perhaps even sweeping the basement floor and then over time successively moving up floor by floor while taking on more responsibilities would be of most value.

This servant would have obtained a comprehensive, thorough knowledge and would be more versatile and useful to his master. This one shows proof that they have lent themselves to the masters training and preparation program. They will have also exhibited due diligence and reliability….that they can be trusted.

This servant would have obtained a comprehensive, thorough knowledge and would be more versatile and useful to his master.

No one wants a leader who has never done the job! This kind of leader speaks about what he does not know by experience. Granted, there are many of such so-called leaders in this world. They are not leaders; they are mere taskmasters pushing someone else to do labor.

This is not the example Christ set. There are no such positions in Heaven.

Everyone works in Heaven because our Father and our Lord are workers who continue to keep working and the rest of the House follows their example.

Shaking someone else like a tree and then gathering their fruit is not an offering of your own. We must bear fruit of our own and bring it forth as an offering. We must produce.

Even Christ was not a ‘born’ leader. His father felt it good that He should groom and prepare him to be the Leader of all creation. His role as High Priest is the most critical to the house of God.

High Priest is the Chief Steward of God’s House.

Jesus stressed, “He, who would be greatest in the house of God, would least”, or would be ‘lessor’ before. Luke 9:46-49

At the time of Passover just hours before he was crucified, the Bible states, “He then took a towel, wrapped it around his waist and took a lowly position washing his disciple’s feet”, here setting an example of what he meant. John 13:3-8

Jesus Christ is God’s only approved ‘Faithful and Wise Servant’ who has been consecrated up to this moment and as Head of House he has set this example for any who will to be approved in His Order

He came from the highest possible station under God of his own free will to assume a role in the lowest order of intelligent beings…human and die.

It was a dirty task in the worst of conditions and there was no possibility of coming home alive.

He humbled himself in honor of his father willingly.

His ‘house servants’ that follow must show the same love for God and His house. Jesus said, “If you want to be my disciple, you must disown yourself and pick up your cross and follow me. Remember, that that earthly journey ended at Calvary in death.

As Jesus was fulfilling his earthly ministry, he was attentive as well as patient and did not deviate from faithfully following the course God mapped out for him to follow.

He withstood torment from the devil himself and yet he maintained his integrity even to death. His servants also have been being tested by the devil who attempts to break their integrity and they as well may have to die doing so.

It was only after Jesus had completed his earthly ministry and after he had been resurrected that he received the full value of the stewardship God entrusted upon him.

While it is true that he has been blessed with God’s holy spirit from his begetting and he was again at his water baptism. Yet he had to go through a training and confirmation process created and arranged God.

Who really is the “faithful steward” to whom God as entrusted ALL of his belongings?

That is Jesus Christ, for whom God made ALL things as a gift of inheritance and has given him authority over ALL things.

No one lesser than Christ has been given all-encompassing authority over Creation (all of God’s possessions).

The priestly under class of priest who will serve Christ in Heaven will have had to meet the same requirements, be thoroughly tested out over his or her lifetime, and await until after his death on Earth for confirmation as occurred with Jesus our High Priest.

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